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SENTENCING AND THE ADMINISTRATION OF CRIMINAL JUSTICE IN NIGERIA
At Common Law and in Nigeria, the administration of Criminal Justice embodies a method through which the administration of Criminal law establishes procedures aimed at fair, just and speedy determination of guilt or innocence of any person accused of committing a crime. The Court at the end of trial is empowered to deliver judgment upon the defendant after his conviction and imposed sentence on him usually in form of a fine, imprisonment or other punishments. This paper takes a look at the aims of the criminal punishment. It further examines kinds of punishment available in Nigeria. The discourse also analyses disparity in sentencing and factors affecting them. It ends with recommendations inter alia that our courts should no longer focus attention entirely on the punishment of offenders through deterrence and retribution theories but should also have recourse to other punishment theories such as reformatory, preventive and restorative.
Keywords: Trial courts, Criminal justice, Judgment, Sentence, Evidence.