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NIGERIAN SATELLITES AS AN OPTION IN FLOOD DISASTER AND EMERGENCY MANAGEMENT
Abstract-Nigeria as a nation experienced flooding incidents that claims many lives render many homeless and also disrupts environmental and socio-economic activities in recent times. With the 2012 flood, causing a devastating effect on the country especially states along the rivers Niger and Benue with huge destruction to the rural and urban infrastructure. In a way to mitigate the extent of damage and casualties during a flood disaster, the study is aimed at promoting the use of Nigerian Satellites in flood disaster preparedness, and response for emergency management.
The study also identifies the stakeholders in disaster and emergency management to collaborate with the National Space Research and Development Agency (NASRDA) and National Emergency Management Agency (NEMA) towards attaining a sustainable disaster risk management in Nigeria, and adopt a conceptual framework for improving flood disaster preparedness and response in emergency management using Nigerian Satellite data and other ancillary data. The approach employed was a combination of satellite imagery, imagery intelligence and geospatial information with the help of Information Communication Technology to plan ahead for any flood event during the pre-disaster phase. The incorporation of geospatial techniques using the Nigerian earth observation and communication satellites in flood disaster and emergency management will help emergency relief distribution and budget planning for any flood disaster provided there is synergy, commitment and information sharing among stakeholders.
Keywords: Flood, Preparedness, Response, Disaster, Satellites, Remote sensing, Geographic Information Systems.