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THE PARADOX OF HERDSMEN/FARMERS IMPASSE AND FOOD SECURITY IN UZO -UWANI ENVIRONMENT, ENUGU STATE – NIGERIA (2015-2019)
This study examined the paradox of herdsmen/farmers impasse and food security in Uzo -Uwani environment, Enugu state – Nigeria. The specific objectives of the study were to examine the effect of insecurity on the availability of food in Enugu State and to ascertain the level of awareness of people on issues relating to food security in the Enugu State. The theories adopted for study are Eco violence theory and Resource Access theory. The population of the study was 183, 2071 and non probability sampling techniques was used. The data used were primary data collected through structured questionnaire and secondary data. The data collected were analyzed using simple percentage and the hypotheses were tested using Z-test with the aid of statistical package for social science (SPSS, 23). The findings revealed that security has a significant effect on the availability of food in Enugu State and there is a significant difference in the level of awareness of the people on issues relating to food security in Enugu State. The researcher concludes that Herdsmen and Farmers crisis is very deadly and should be put to a stop by leaders at all levels and it has taken thousands of lives in the country and therefore should be seen as a very endemic situation that needs to be arrested by all means. The researchers recommended that government should set up conflict mediation, resolution, reconciliation and peace building mechanisms in rural communities, local government areas and states affected by the conflict.
Keywords: Conflict, Farmers, Food Security, Herdsmen, Impasse, Insecurity, Paradox.