BEFORE YOU READ THE ABSTRACT OR CHAPTER ONE OF THE PROJECT TOPIC BELOW, PLEASE READ THE INFORMATION BELOW.THANK YOU!
YOU CAN GET THE COMPLETE PROJECT OF THE TOPIC BELOW. THE FULL PROJECT COSTS N5,000 ONLY. THE FULL INFORMATION ON HOW TO PAY AND GET THE COMPLETE PROJECT IS AT THE BOTTOM OF THIS PAGE. OR YOU CAN CALL: 08068231953, 08168759420
WHATSAPP US ON 08137701720
CONFLIICT MANAGEMENT AND ORGANIZATIONAL PERFORMANCE
1.1 Background to the Study
Organization is an identifiable social entity whose members pursue multiple goals collectively. The pursuance of these goals is done side by side with their personal goals and aspirations through their coordinated activities and relationships. Hence, organization has people, materials and goals that are achieved through coordination
An organization exists to provide goods and services that people desire. These goods and services are the products of the behaviours of workers who occupy different level of the organizational structure. These people have different cultures, skills and educational background as well as different perceptions, roles, expectations and values. Conflict in an organization will depend on the degree with which the manpower is met with opposition in protecting their interest, values and goals.
However, the establishment and continuous existence of organization through the realization of set goals and objectives requires the continuous and effective functioning of its material input with the human element being indispensable. The human elements required to facilitate goals attainment often engage in disagreement and variance over factors such as; interest, views, style of management among others. The reactionary effect due to the perceived incompatibilities resulting typically from some form of interference or opposition is known as conflict. Azamoza (2004) observed that conflict involves the total range of behaviours and attitudes that is in opposition between owners/managers on the one hand and working people on the other. It is a state of disagreement over issues of substance or emotional antagonism and may arise due to anger, mistrust or personality clashes.
The National Research Institute for Chemical Technology (NARICT) is an organization that is not excluded from conflict situation as long as the human element is part of its resources. They may disagree over issues in the workplace which can trigger conflict that need to be managed for improve performance of the organization.
1.2 Statement of the Problem
Organizations have a shorter life cycle today because of various changes in the operation of organizations. These organizational changes may cause turbulence and uncertainties that in turn, create conflict. The National Research Institute for Chemical Technology (NARICT) Zaria, over the years, have being facing conflict in various dimensions that have reduce its performance.
Conflict in any organization may not enable the organization to achieve its set objectives if not properly managed. Hart (2000) asserted that, successful organization in the future must create the capability to absorb conflict during the organization’s life cycle. The capability here refers to conflict management mechanism in order to minimize the rate of conflict and improve performance. The Centre for Effective Dispute Resolution (2005) supports the perception of an increase in organizational conflicts with some hard facts. Their research reported a 17% increase in organizational conflict measured by the more than 115,000 employment tribunal applications in 2004 in the United Kingdom.
According to Rivers (2005), the hidden costs of unresolved conflict in organizations are enormous and finding effective ways to manage and resolve organizational conflicts can have a significant impact on productivity and therefore, may enhance performance. Healthy differences of opinion are however vital in an organization in order for it not to stagnate, but when individuals are not able to work through their differences constructively and agree on a way forward, the conflict becomes destructive and damaging to individual, teams and ultimately to the organization (Rivers, 2005)
NARICT, as a research institute has being suffering one form or the other of conflict, mostly interpersonal conflict among her staff and industrial conflict with the government which has affected the smooth operation of the institute overtime (NARICT Newsletter, 2010). The effective management of these conflicts will go a long way to enhance the performance of the organization in meeting to its mandate. It is in the light of the above problem that the following research questions were asked and this study is expected to provide answers to;
- What are the possible causes of conflict in NARICT, Zaria?
- What are the possible ways of managing conflict in the organization to improve performance?
1.3 Objectives of the Study
The main objective of this study is, conflict management and organizational performance as relates to NARICT, Zaria.
Other specific objectives include:
- To identify the causes of conflict in NARICT;
- To determine ways of managing conflict in the organization to improve performance;
1.4 Statement of Hypothesis
H0 that effective conflict management does not lead to improve organizational performance H1 that effective conflict management does lead to improve organizational performance
1.5 Scope and Limitation of the Study
The scope of the study is conflict management and organizational performance in NARICT, Zaria. This organization is chosen because of ease in accessibility and also being an organization with diverse goals, conflicts situation will always be manifesting in the life of the organization. The limitation of the study is insufficient financial resources, time and materials.
1.6 Significance of the Study
This study will be of value to organizations both public and private in order for them to identify some silent causes of conflicts and to be able to manage the situation judiciously using some of the conflict management strategies. The study will also arouse government interest to see the need in providing adequate resources to public organizations in order to minimize the rate of conflict in these organizations specifically NARICT. The study will also provide a plat form for management of organizations to direct resources appropriately in order to minimize conflicts situations in the workplace. The study is also expected to be of great value to academicians and practitioners in the field of conflict management, public relations and public administration. The study can also be useful to researchers for further studies.
1.7 Method of Data Collection
The researcher used both primary and secondary sources as a means of data collection. The instruments of primary data used were both questionnaire and interviews. The questionnaire is administered to the staff of the organisation (NARICT). The questionnaire was designed using both the open and closed ended styles. The secondary source of data was generated from textbooks, published and unpublished materials including journals and the internet.
In the area of population size, sample size and sampling techniques, the organisation has staff strength of 1,521. Out of this population, 180 were selected as the sample size of the total population using Taro Yamane’s technique with 93% confidence level to the 1,521 population.
The samples were selected through the simple random sampling technique. Out of the 180 questionnaires administered, 110 were completed and returned given 61% returns.
1.8 Method of Data Analysis
Data for this study was analyzed qualitatively and quantitatively with more emphasis on the quantitative method using the percentages and highest mean score statistical tool to test the hypothesis.
1.9 Definition of Relative terms
Conflict: This is a struggle or contest between people with opposing needs, ideas, values, or goals (Algert and Watson, 2006). Paul and Dean (2002) defined a conflict as the friction felt when two or more people or groups disagree about something.
Management: This is the act or skill of dealing with situations in a successful way. That is, bringing situations like conflict in organization under control.
Public: As used in this study, it stands for Government.
Organization: According to Robinson (2008), organization is an establishment set aside to provide services to members of the public.
1.10 Outline or Plan of the Work
Chapter one will look at the background to the study, statement of problem, objective of the study, statement of hypotheses, scope of the study, significance of the study, research methodology, definition of terms, and plan of the work. Chapter two will look at literature review and theoretical framework. Chapter three will discuss the historical background of the area of study. Chapter four will discuss the presentation of data and analysis. And finally, chapter five will be summary, conclusion and recommendations.
HOW TO RECEIVE PROJECT MATERIAL(S)
After paying the appropriate amount (#5,000) into our bank Account below, send the following information to
08068231953 or 08168759420
(1) Your project topics
(2) Email Address
(3) Payment Name
(4) Teller Number
We will send your material(s) after we receive bank alert
Account Name: AMUTAH DANIEL CHUKWUDI
Account Number: 0046579864
Account Name: AMUTAH DANIEL CHUKWUDI
Account Number: 3139283609
Bank: FIRST BANK
FOR MORE INFORMATION, CALL:
08068231953 or 08168759420