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STRATEGIES TO ENHANCE TEACHING AND LEARNING OF HISTORY IN SECONDARY SCHOOL
History is a branch of science which was last major subject that was introduced into the school curriculum.
History is taught in the senior secondary school in other for the students to acquire knowledge that will make them useful to them and to the society they belong.
The main aim of studying history is to study matter which includes it composition, properties and the changes it undergoes.
History requires experimental work in laboratory for development. Laboratory work is essential for putting theoretical principles into practice and testing proposed, hypothesis, therefore proficiency in laboratory work is essential for them to become good history. In the course of a laboratory work, one translates practice application and gradually widens the scope. History aim at building up the ability to solve carefully and speedily problems which come constantly in variety of ways
Further more, history as a branch of science requires special skills when teaching it and as such following skills are developed in the students studying history, skills includes identifying problems, asking questions, formulating hypothesis, observing, measuring etc. in order to improve the performance of students studying history in secondary school, laboratory exercise in an integral part and should be used only when.
Laboratory practical are readily needed as a means of verifying a scientific law, principle or a theory already known to the students.
It is needed as means of obtaining and learning scientific information.
The laboratory practical can be meshed with text book and other learning activities.
It is needed as means of obtaining scientific skills and knowledge.
Some experiments are performed outside the laboratory just as some laboratory activities cannot be classed experiment while most laboratory activities are conceived in order to provide practice in designing, operating and interpreting data, however experiment are operations or proceeding designing for purpose of testing is supposition, confirming what is known and discovering what hat not be known (unknown) history also enables the students to developed confidence in what do and themselves as an individuals, as it involves matter.
The inception of natural study was introduced by people who were both specialist in science and history as it branch which is a dynamic and inevitable learning experience for the students. However, once entrusted to teachers with little or no background studying in history with varying degree of teaching. The effectiveness of the study on the nature of history in the secondary school is degenerated bodily at the point, we define history as the study of matter including it properties, reactions, composition and it changes from one state to another state of matter.
The student’s education attainment in history is inevitable and should be viewed with a lot incentive in both teaching and learning on the side of the teachers and students respectively at all levels. The training of students is very importance.
Since the extent of a nations future labour force, leadership political stability and strength of technical advancement lies in the hand of students it therefore hoped that this write up shall unveil some factors responsible for the poor performance of the students in history subjects in Oredo Local Government Area of Edo State.
BACKGROUNG OF THE STUDY
The importance of history cannot be over emphasized as it implication to the social and economic life of the people who are well recognized by every nation and some of it knowledge is applied in industries like brewery industries, food, medicine, textile will and constructing companies. It can’t be over stated at large.
Further more, on the importance of history, it is applied in refinery in the separation of crude oils into it fraction of crude oils includes petroleum gases, petroleum esters, petrol, kerosene, gas oil and bitumen, diesel oil, lubricating oil and other residues which are some economical importance to the nation at large the study of history has lead to the development of chemical industries and has importance effect soon or after the middle ages. Soaps, acids and other basic chemical are now produced knowledge gained from the study of history is used in the manufacture of fertilizer to increase the fertility of the soil which provide food for the nation, plastics, ceramics, paints, cement, soap and detergent, and drinks etc. history in one way of the order affect the standard of living of people in Edo State, nations at large.
It is necessary to lay more emphasis on scientific knowledge which v is part of this respect; Fafuwa (1997) suggested that science should be made a compulsory subject in secondary and tertiary institution. As well as educating the masses so that Edo State will be able to move from its static role of a spectator to that of an actor in this exciting break through history should be taught effectively in order to bring about technological advancement and development in Oredo Local Government Area of Edo and Nigeria at large, as it affect the live of the people.
History as a branch of science requires scientific skills and techniques and as such history teachers should improve their teaching strategies or techniques in order to improve the performance of students in history in secondary schools since the teaching and studying of history will among other things infuse desirable qualities into secondary school students in Oredo Local Government Area of Edo State, such achievement will beneficial not only to the individuals students in Local Government Area, but also to Edo State and the nation as a whole.
STATEMENT OF PROBLEMS
In this project the researcher intends to identify the problems and strategies of solving them in doing the following questions call for attention.
What are the qualification of the history teachers?
How experienced are the teachers?
Does the school have history equipment and well equipped laboratory?
How often is the model equipment used?
Are there adequate history text book?
Are the classes conducive for the students and the teachers to handle practical work?
How many periods of history are there in the school time table?
What efforts are the government and community making to solve these problems?
The researcher is of the view that the above questions would help to identify the modern strategies of improving history student’s performance in our secondary schools.
PURPOSE OF THE STUDY
The purpose of this project is to investigate on the modern strategies for improving the academic performance of students in Oredo Local Government Area of Edo State.
The researcher further finds out the general view held by the public as to the cause of history student’s poor level of achievement and performance in history.
To examine ways by which history in some selected secondary schools can be improved and have better performance on the students
To search further if learning history concept and conceptual schemes will increase the performance of the students in history.
To make students become familiar with the key operation of history and strategies they can use it improve their performance.
To help history students acquire proficiency through problems solves and hence build critical and creative thinking in them.
To guide students in developing desirable behaviour towards acquiring history skills, attitude, application and interest.
To help students according to their own ability and interest their rate of learning, develop interest and needs, it also enables the students to cope in the dynamic world and be useful to the society they belong.
SIGNIFICANCE OF THE STUDY
The significance of the study be and large lies in the fact that the performance of students in history over the years facilitates an assessment for mapping out the strategies that will improve the performance of history students in the nears future especially in Oredo Local Government Area of Edo State and Nigeria at large.
The study aimed at arousing the interest of the students in studying history through;
Bring questions or problems that can be solve class by Appling what has been learnt to news situation, which will serve as an evaluation techniques.
Bring challenges to show and rigid learners through oral written test.
This also aims at significantly the importance of experience, to pinpoint to students that are learning history through reading is important since this help the students to develop their mental ability through thinking and learning it teach the students how to use reading materials like the history textbooks effectively knowing that there are several sources of information available on different reading level, it also help students in developing their history terms and ways of applying them.
What are the qualifications of teachers teaching history in the selected secondary school of Oredo Local Government Area of Edo State?
Is there equipment in the history laboratory?
How often is the use of model equipment when teaching history?
How many periods are used in teaching history in a week?
Is there adequate equipment in laboratory?
How many times have you gone for excursion in your school?
Do you use lab coat during history practical?
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