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IMPACT OF BOKO HARAM INSURGENCY ON HUMAN SECURITY IN BORNO STATE, NORTHERN NIGERIA
Abstract: The study examined Boko Haram Insurgency and Human Security in Borno State, Nigeria. The study formulated three research objectives, three research questions and three research hypotheses. The study was based on the Merton Anomie Theory. The study adopted a quantitative methodology using descriptive research design. A sample size of 400 respondents was determined using the Taro Yamani formula. The respondents were made up of Military personnel and civilians which were selected based on a multi-stage sampling technique. Questionnaire and Interview were the instruments used for data collection. The instrument gave high reliability of 0.84 when subjected to reliability test using Cronbach Alpha method. Collated data from the study were analyzed using frequency, mean, standard deviation and regression analysis. The findings indicated a weak relationship between Boko Haram insurgency and health services, food security, environmental security in Borno State. The study concluded that the Boko Haram situation demands the political will and the articulation of a comprehensive strategy to address its root causes and dangerous dynamics, focusing on a soft approach that could erode the appeal of Boko Haram’s insidious ideology. The study recommended that the government should put its focus on the protection of civilians, witnesses and key peacemakers such as moderate Imams who preach against the insurgency.
Key words: Boko Haram, Human Security, Insurgency, Borno State, amongst others.