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REGIONAL SECURITY INSTITUTIONS AND WEAK STATES: THE CASE OF POST-CONFLICT SOMALIA AND THE INTER-GOVERNMENTAL AUTHORITY ON DEVELOPMENT (IGAD)
How do weak states in conflict-prone regions of the world manage crisis? This article applies a theory of international organizations as a framework to analyze how states in East Africa cooperated to address the problems associated with state collapse in Somalia. Based on a case study of the Inter-Governmental Authority on Development (IGAD), the study identifies unique factors for why weak states act through security organizations by focusing on the role of changing norms and structural factors. Finally, the article pinpoints factors that undermine the IGAD’s ability to live up to its full potential, and offers potential policy remedies.
Keywords: IGAD, conflict management, Somalia, regional security, civil war