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TECHNICAL AND VOCATIONAL EDUCATION AND TRAINING (TVET): A NECESSITY FOR CRIME REDUCTION AND ECONOMIC TRANSFORMATION
The number of youths drifting to Okada motorcycle business in Nigeria is increasing every year with no immediate solution to curb the trend as it portends danger to the socio-security of the nation. This lingering challenge has equally led to a shortage of middle-level manpower over the years, hence this paper examined the possibility of the nation running out of technologists and artisans in no distant future. A total of 500 questionnaires were administered at five different correctional centre, and the data were collated using descriptive statistics for easy analysis. The study showed that the young and agile youths are largely engaged in Okada business which has no technical value expected to drive the nation’s economy. The literacy level of each category of the respondent was examined and the result shows that about 95% of the Okada riders are educated while 5% had no formal education. Among the educated, 17% are corporate dispatch riders with at least a Polytechnic diploma or University degree, 44% has technical colleges or secondary school certificates while 39% are artisans like auto-mechanics, bricklayers, electricians etc, who are not readily available to carry out their chosen trades rather prefers to ride Okada to earn a living. This paper explained how this drift from craft and trade to Okada business can be discouraged so as to encourage apprenticeship and close the gap created by this drift. The paper concludes that a robust TVET program should be structured to reset and attract students towards industrial work experience scheme so as to run the nation’s economy and curb crimes.
Keywords: Vocational training, security, nation’s economy, manpower, development, artisans.