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NIGERIA’S INVOLVEMENT IN INTERNATIONAL PEACEKEEPING OPERATIONS SINCE 1960: AN OVERVIEW AND CHALLENGES
Peace keeping is a peaceful third party intervention which operates within a set of guiding principles that include the consent of the parties to the conflict, impartiality and the non-use of force except in self-defense. This paper examines Nigeria’s peacekeeping operations across the globe. Nigeria has spent tremendously both in human and material resources in her peace keeping efforts. The study therefore, examined efforts at mediating and resolving the Intra-State/Inter-State conflicts that nearly brought the States concerned to the brink of total collapse. The complex interdependence theory was adopted as the tool of analysis, while the methodology was the systematic qualitative content analysis derived mainly from secondary sourced materials. The paper found out that keeping peace in one country is invariably saving an entire sub-region or region from possible spillover effects. More so, the resources expended on peacekeeping operations by Nigeria are at the expense of the country’s domestic imperatives –welfare of citizens and infrastructural development. The paper concludes by recommending reduction of financial cost of peacekeeping and prioritizing the welfare of citizens.
Keywords: Africa, Nigeria, Peacekeeping, Security, United Nations Introduction