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FEMALE CRIMINALITY – GENDER CONSTRUCTED CRIMINOLOGICAL EXPLANATIONS
Crime does not limit the capacity of its perpetrator and does not require the identification of gender for it to be committed. Though crime can be committed by anyone irrespective of the gender, still the definition of criminal is gendered. This paper argues that the gendered approach to female criminality is reflected in the studies on criminal behavior. The general presumption is that criminality is supposed to be male affair and female offenders are taken to be exceptions. Drawing insights from the criminological account of the criminal behavior, the paper analyses that the female criminals are viewed as ‘troubled’ offenders, who act out of need, and not ‘trouble-some’ offenders, who act out of greed and reserved for male offenders. Ultimately, it suggests that there is a need to study female criminality from non-gendered spectacles and to discard the ‘dot in the whole picture’ approach to explain her criminal behavior.
Keywords: Female Criminality; Gender; Criminal behavior; Bias; Criminological Theories.