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SOCIO-CULTURAL FACTORS ASSOCIATED WITH DOMESTIC VIOLENCE AMONG WORKING COUPLES IN BENUE STATE, NIGERIA
The study was carried out in zone B District of Benue state, Nigeria to examine socio-cultural factors associated with domestic violence among working couples. A correlational research design was adopted for the study. The sample size was 235 married men and women selected using stratified simple random sampling technique. Questionnaire was the instrument used for data collection. Mean and standard deviation were used in answering research questions 1, 4 and 5 while Pearson Products Moment Correlation Coefficient was used in answering questions 2 and 3. Regression analysis was used in testing hypotheses 1 and 2 while t-test was used in testing the hypothesis 3 at 0.05 level of significance. The findings of the study identified types of domestic violence among working couples to include hitting, slapping, beating, intimidation, marital rape and fighting amongst others. The results indicated a high social factors associated with domestic violence and also cultural factors and domestic violence. The study identified the consequences of domestic violence among working couples to include divorce, damage of family image, death, child abuse, poor child up-bringing and destruction of properties. Strategies to address domestic violence identified include building mutual trust, encouraging problem sharing culture, encouraging regular family discussion and organizing seminars to working couples on dangers of domestic violence among working couples amongst others. The results of hypotheses one and two indicated a significant relationship between social factors and domestic violence as well as between cultural factors and domestic violence among working couples respectively. The third hypothesis of no significant difference between male and female working couples on the strategies to address domestic violence in zone B district of Benue state was accepted. The researchers among others recommended that working couples should be made to understand themselves, professional counsellors should organize seminars and workshops and conferences for working couples to sensitize them on the pros and cons involved in working couples relationship and their problems as well as appropriate punishment for the perpetrators of domestic violence by the government.
Keywords: Socio-cultural factors, Domestic violence,