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THE NIGERIAN CRIMINAL JUSTICE SYSTEM: PROSPECTS AND CHALLENGES OF THE ADMINISTRATION OF CRIMINAL JUSTICE ACT 2015
Considering the journey thus far in the Criminal Justice System (CJS) in Nigeria which culminated in the enactment of the Administration of Criminal Justice Act (ACJA), 2015, it has become imperative to take stock of the gains as well as highlight the shortcomings of the Act. This paper seeks to espouse the innovations in the Act and point out the challenges the new provisions would pose for the system. This is achieved by examining the innovative provisions of the ACJA as well as those that seek to cure the mischiefs that had bedevilled the Nigerian Criminal Justice system for over a century under the Criminal Procedure Act and the Criminal Procedure Code.
The paper found that despite the prospects of the ACJA, there are certain provisions which undermine its lofty aim of promoting efficient management of criminal justice and affording justice to all. There are also challenges in the implementation of the Act. It therefore suggests solutions to these challenges. The paper concludes on the note that despite these setbacks, the ACJA is important to improving the Nigerian criminal justice system therefore all States of the Federation should enact it in their jurisdiction for the benefit of all citizens.
Keywords: Criminal Justice System, Human Rights, Administration of Criminal Justice Act, Criminal Law