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FARMERS’ PERCEPTIONS OF DRIVERS OF DESERTIFICATION AND THEIR IMPACT ON FOOD SECURITY IN NORTHERN KATSINA STATE
Understanding local perception of desertification and its management by the local communities is critical for gaining support for remediation and restoration effort of desertified areas by the government. This study investigates the drivers of desertification and their impact on food security base on the perspectives of the local farmers of northern Katsina State. Participatory Rural Appraisal (PRA) approach, Focus Group Discussion (FGD) and questionnaire were used in the data collection. The farmers adduce desertification to the attitude of the local farmers through overgrazing, cultivation of marginal areas, bush burning among others. It was found that due to the effects of desertification large percentages of the population living in the study area are food-insecure and their condition may likely worsen if immediate and effective measures were not taken minimize the problem. It was concluded that food security has strong relationship with the national security, peace and stability of area and Nigeria in general.
Keywords: Perception, Desertification, Food security, Farmers, Northern Katsina State,