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COMMUNITY PARTICIPATION APPROACH TO FLOOD DISASTER MANAGEMENT: THE CASE OF ENUGU EAST LOCAL GOVERNMENT AREA OF ENUGU STATE, NIGERIA.
ABSTRACT : Enugu East Local government Area of Enugu State is one of the three local government Areas that make up the Enugu Urban. Many rivers, rivulets and streams crisscross the area and they do overflow their banks during rainy seasons. This phenomenon has on several occasions brought havoc to the inhabitants of the area as the overflows find their ways into homesteads. The aim of this paper is to showcase a study carried out to assess the situation with a view to coming up with ways of coping with the challenges there from. Survey research was adopted whereby the prone areas were carefully selected and studied in relation to vulnerability, causes, effects and possible measures. It was discovered that human activities in form of physical development actions contribute significantly to the problems of flood disaster in the area. The case was more prevalent at Umuchigbo area where the banks of Ava River and other seasonal streams have been distorted appreciably by construction of residential, commercial and other buildings. Waterways of some seasonal streams have been built up completely. A number of measures are advanced to curb the menace, chief of which is galvanizing the citizenry in adopting long term resilience as affordable through biotechnological approaches.
KEY WORDS: Prone areas, physical development, flood disaster, biotechnological approaches.