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FACTORS RESPONSIBLE FOR TRAFFIC CONGESTION IN NIGERIA, A CASE STUDY OF MAYOR BUS STOP AND COAL CAMP ALONG AGBANI ROAD IN ENUGU CITY, NIGERIA.
For the purpose of identifying factors responsible for traffic congestion along city roads in Nigeria, 20 variables organized into 4 factors suspected to be relevant factors were articulated in a questionnaire. 230 randomly selected respondents consisting of 55 private car drivers, 50 commercial bus drivers, 15 traffic wardens, 50 traders and 60 residents who are conversant with mayor bus stop and Coal Camp along Agabni Road were requested to weight the variables in accordance with 5 – point Likert Scale. Relative Factor Index (RFI) for the 230 respondents across their responses was computed which yielded variable loadings which determined the relevant factors. Factors identified include physical, technical, landuse and human factors. Some management measures were recommended which include improvement in terminal facilities, landuse relocation, traffic education and traffic personnel improvement.
Keywords, Congestion, traffic, urban routeways, landuse, terminal facilities.