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ROLE OF LOCAL TOWN PLANNING AUTHORITIES IN BUILDING COLLAPSE IN NIGERIA: EVIDENCE FROM ENUGU METROPOLIS
A B S T R A C T
The current spate of building collapse in Nigeria has continued to attract research efforts to unravel the causes and possible remedies. Although cases of building collapse in Nigeria has been associated with several factors, those factors associated with building plan approval process have not adequately investigated, especially in a rapidly expanding colonial city of Enugu. The study investigated the role of local town planning authorities in the increasing cases of collapsed buildings in Nigeria using Enugu as a case study. A well-structured questionnaire was administered to the three Chief Town Planners in the three planning approval offices and oral interviews randomly selected 30 developers in ongoing construction projects within Enugu metropolis were conducted. Using content analysis and descriptive statistics the data collected were analyzed. It was observed that due to poor staffing and lack of engagement of building professionals, the planning approval authorities were not effective in scrutinizing, vetting and evaluating building drawings submitted for approval as well as in supervising and monitoring the level of compliance of buildings under construction with the operational building codes and byelaws in the study area. The study concludes that these lapses in the roles of local building approval authorities can contribute to the increasing cases of collapsed buildings in Enugu Metropolis. It recommends that government should take proactive steps by engaging the right number of building professionals in her planning approval offices and ensuring strict enforcement of the existing physical development legislation and punishment of offenders.
Environmental Impact Assessment
Arts and humanities