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SOCIAL AND PSYCHOLOGICAL EFFECTS OF DRUG ABUSE AMONG RURAL YOUTHS IN OGUN STATE
The effect of drug abuse on rural youths in Nigeria has grave consequences on different aspects of rural youth lives such as their education, occupation and employment, families, communities, health, social and psychological lives. This study investigated social and psychological effects of drug abuse among rural youths in Ogun State, with specific objective to; (a) identify the youths involved in drugs in the study area, (b) examine the reasons for taking drugs in the study area and (c) examine the effects of drugs abuse in the study area. Three-stage stratified random sampling technique was used to sample one hundred and five (105) respondents in the study area. Data collected were analysed using descriptive (frequency distribution, percentages, mean) and multivariate discriminate analysis. Results showed that 81.9% of the respondents took alcohol than any other drugs because they are widely available, and easy to purchase. The highest proportions (65.7%) of the respondents were still taking alcohol. Also, 55.2% of the respondents strongly agree to take a drug in order to be bold among peers and strong to carry out various tasks. Also, social effect of drug abuse is feeling high and addiction while drowsiness was found as a psychological effect. Discriminate analysis showed that 94 out of 105 respondents were still taken drugs, and 29 (30.9%) claimed to still be taken drugs but their attributes (family size) shows that they were not actually taken drugs anymore while 65 (59.1%) of the respondents that claimed to still be taken drugs. The study shows that most of the respondents that were prune to having chronic and acute social and psychological effects of drug if they continue. There is an urgent need for more adequate awareness of the rural youths on the adverse effects of drug abuse as it gradually becoming an acceptable way of life for rural youths in Ogun state and Nigeria at large.
Keywords: Drug abuse, effects, rural youths, Ogun state.