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EFFECTS OF FARMERS HERDSMEN CONFLICTS ON THE FOOD SECURITY STATUS OF FARMING HOUSEHOLDS IN ENUGU STATE, NIGERIA
The study examined the implications of the perennial conflict between farmers and Hausa/Fulani herdsmen on food security in Nigeria. The study utilized primary data collected from 210 farm households from seven villages in southeast Nigeria where herdsmen attacks on farm households have been severe. Descriptive statistics such as means and percentages, 2/3 mean monthly per capital food expenditure of households and the logistic regression models were employed in analyzing the data. The result showed that the average age of the heads of the farm households was 48years, 64% of them were males, while another 77% were married. Also, the farm households had an average size of 12 members, with average annual farm and non-farm income of N387, 542.30 and N132, 400.25, respectively. The food security line of the farm households was N2, 533.79. About 45.7% of them were food secure, while 54.3% were food insecure. The logit regression showed that the food security status of farm households were significantly affected by sex, marital status, size of farmlands destroyed, attack on farmers’ homes by herdsmen and migration of people away from communities. Policies were recommended that would protect farmers and farmlands from the serial attacks of herdsmen, and attract the interest of youths in agriculture.
Keywords: Hausa/Fulani herdsmen, Farm households, Conflict, Food Security