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HUMAN SECURITY AND NIGERIA’S DEMOCRACY IN 21 CENTURYST
Abstract: The paper discusses Nigeria’s democracy and the state of human security in that country. It is argued that, the deteriorated level of human security in Nigeria is as a result of the practice of prebendal politics; which weakened the country’s institutions of democracy. Hence, attempt has been made to establish the nexus between prebendal politics and human security in Nigeria from the conceptual lens of Richard Joseph’s prebendalism; using secondary empirical data generated from World Bank Database and other secondary sources. It is discovered that all the dimensions of human security as advanced by the United Nations Development programme (UNDP) are in bad shapes in Nigeria. It is also found that during the democratic rule (1999-2015) Nigeria recorded an average GDP per capita growth rate of 4.8%, as against a lower record during the last military era (1984-1999), which showed a negative indicator of -0.9%. This means that under ideal democratic rule, Nigeria has a better chance of enhancing the level of human security; but, the reverse is the case. Consequently, it is recommended that, severe punitive measures against corruption should be instituted; second, to allow Nigerians to decide the political future of the country through referendum.
Key words: Democracy Human Security Nigeria and Prebendal Politics