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INSECURITY: MAJOR CHALLENGES TO DEMOCRATIC DEVELOPMENT IN NIGERIA
A b s t r a c t
The security situation in Nigeria appears to be elusive and in surmountable. The government at all levels has not done enough to combat the persisting security threat in every state of the country. The persisting security challenges in Nigeria and the inability of the security apparatus of the government to guarantee safety and security in the country raised question whether security can be ascertained in Nigeria. The situation in Nigeria since independence has been threatening the peaceful existence of people’s ethnic group who have been living together despite their differences. A climate of fear which frightens domestic and foreign investments and high level of poverty across the country has resulted into various reactions like ethnic sentiments, religious bigotry and violence. The intolerance to some extent has led to the acquisition of fire arms among ethnics, political and religious groups for defense. Nigerian politics since independence have been characterized by thuggery and violence. The Niger-Delta Militia, Boko Haram and Oodua People’s Congress and Fulani Herdsmen are some of the reaction against insecurity of lives and properties in the land and this persistent situation has made the country unstable and threatening to lives and properties. The intention of this paper is to explain the causes of violence and suggest possible ways of resolving this traumatic situation.