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ADMINISTRATION OF INMATES’ WELFARE AND REFORMATION PROGRAMME IMPLEMENTATION IN PRISON SERVICE IN SOUTHWESTERN NIGERIA
The study investigated the causes of prison congestion in Southwestern Nigeria; examined the welfare of inmates in selected prisons in Southwestern Nigeria; and examined the reformation programme in Nigerian Prisons Service in the study area with a view to enhancing policies/programmes of prison service in the country.
Primary and secondary data were used for the study. Primary data were obtained through the administration of the questionnaire and focus group discussion. The questionnaire was administered on inmates to elicit information on their wellbeing. The simple random sampling method was used to select 204 respondents which constituted 10% of the total population (2042) of prison inmates in the purposively selected prisons (Ibadan, Akure and Abeokuta) in Southwestern Nigeria. Focus group discussion was held with 8 ex-convicts, 5 inmates’ relatives and inmate’s prison officials. The secondary sources of information that were employed included relevant official publications and records from Nigerian Prisons Service, journal articles, periodicals and internet sources. Data collected were tabulated and analyzed using descriptive and inferential statistics.
The study found that prison congestion was the handiwork of Nigeria Police Service and Nigerian courts that have the power to apprehend in custody and date of release from prison. The study found that the inmates’ welfare in the selected prisons was not well taken care of,
as this was confirmed by the obtained result (χ2= 0.121). The consequence of this was that
the inmates who are far from being reformed were denied the life essentials which included quality foods and access to medical facilities within the prison. The study found that the Nigerian Prison administrative system did not promote the reformation of the inmates in
Southwestern Nigeria as attested to by the obtained result (χ2= 0.518).
The study concluded that administration of prison inmates’ reform programme by Nigerian Prisons Service in Southwestern Nigeria was ineffective and needed to be improved on in order to achieve the goal for which it was established.
Keywords: Reform, Administration, Criminality, Offence and Punishment.