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AN APPRAISAL OF THE SCOPE AND IMPLICATIONS OF TERRORISM AND SECURITY CHALLENGES IN NIGERIA
Terrorism and insurgency across the world have remained challenging phenomena demanding meaningful responses from governments, international communities and agencies. Terrorism has taken the centre stage of our national discuss in Nigeria because of the untold hardship and damages it has brought on the nation and its international partners. The global malady has brought about series of social and economic dislocations including destruction to lives and property. The government of the Nigerian federation has staged a tough fight against terrorism for over a decade without finding a lasting solution to the nightmare. This study is a content analysis that relied on available extant literature to appraise terrorism and the security challenges it has created for Nigeria. The study found that Nigeria has witnessed all sorts of violent activities that claimed lives and properties before and after independence but the emergence of Boko Haram, Islamic State in West Africa, banditry and militant Fulani Herdsmen have led to rising security challenges that have spread to all parts and regions of the country. These terrorists have made the country a hub of various forms of terrorist attacks which include suicide bombing, car bombing, lunching of rocket propelled grenades, assassinations, abductions and rape. In this orgy of evil adventure that has taken place in public squares, government buildings and installations, churches and mosques, schools, bridges, police stations, military barracks and installations as well as market squares and prisons where they free inmates, particularly their members incarcerated. In the fight against terrorism in Nigeria, the government have expended unquantifiable volume of resources and used all forms arsenal in a bid to curb this menace. This study therefore recommends that a definite policy framework for combating terrorism be set up and also the government initiates a regional partnership in West African in the fight against terrorism. This will help to destroy their strongholds in the country with weak military strength. Effective community and state policing should also be set up to ensure that immigrants who are suspected terrorists are nabbed early enough and prosecuted.
KEYWORDS: Terrorism, Security Challenges, Boko Haram, Islamic State West Africa, Banditry and Militant