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HUMAN SECURITY: THE KEY TO ENDURING NATIONAL SECURITY IN NIGERIA
Abstract: The promotion of human security has become the central focus of the new development paradigm because building of arms and ammunitions do not bring peace, security and political stability. Eradicating hunger, diseases, poverty and unemployment through sustainable development programmes, hold the key to an enduring national security. Against this backdrop, this paper examines the impact of human security on overall national security in Nigeria. The paper with the use of the Natural State theory, argued that the state emerged in order to provide the needs of individuals, given that human beings cannot satisfactorily provide their basic needs. We employed the documentation method as our method of data collection, which entails the use of materials from secondary sources. The paper also adopted content analysis, applied to establish a link between human security and national security. The paper concludes that fortifying the security walls with latest security equipments/gadgets as well as assigning security professionals to secure the populace will amount to nothing if the threats of hunger, diseases, poverty and unemployment, political and economic exclusion and lack of social amenities are not addressed.
Keywords: security, human security, national security, democratic stability