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INFLUENCE OF SOCIO-ECONOMIC FACTORS ON DOMESTIC VIOLENCE AMONG COUPLES IN IBADAN
This study investigated socio-economic factors influencing domestic violence among couples. It adopted ex-post facto design. The independent variable is socio-economic factors while dependent variable is domestic violence. The study was conducted in Ibadan North local government. Purposive sampling technique was used to sample 259 participants consisting of 112 males, 138 females and 9 participants with missing data. Results showed that there was significant difference in domestic violence based on marital status [F= 2.80, p< .05] and income of the couples [F= 4.91, p< .01]. Also, the result showed that there is no significant difference of domestic violence based on gender [F = .06, p > .05], religion [F = 1.90, p > .05], family type [F = 1.24, p > .05], and child bearing [F = 1.81, p >.05]. The study concluded that government should provide palliative measures to curb low income earning among family by providing employment opportunities or sustainable programmes to alleviate poverty. Also, intervention centersbe provided where disputes between couples can be settled to get rid of dysfunctional marital status such as history of divorce, or any factors that could bring about separation among couples. There should be crusades for public enlightenment on mass media regarding the evil behind premarital sex that leads to cohabitation among spouse which make majority of them to be susceptible to domestic violence; intending couples should first go for premarital training/counseling and marital sustainability programmes to resolve issues and to understand one another better. Medicalprofessionals are to refer victims to psychotherapists. Government should impose punishment on offending spouse to serve as deterrence to others.
Keywords: socio-economic factors, domestic violence and couple