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IMPACTS OF LOCAL GOVERNMENT ADMINISTRATION ON ECONOMIC AND SOCIAL DEVELOPMENT
TABLE OF CONTENT
Table of Contents
- Background of the Study
- Statement Of Problems
- Objective Of The Study
- Significance Of The Stud
- Scope of the Study
- Limitation of the Study
- Literature Review
- Historical background of rural development
As obtain in Nigeria
- Role of Local Government Administrations in
3.0 Research Design & Methodology
3.1 Research Design
3.2 Area of Study
- Population of the Study
- Sample and Sampling Technique
- Instrument For Data Collection
- Validity of the Instrument
- Reliability of the Instrument
- Method Of Data Collection
- Method Of Data Analysis 39
4.0 Presentation and Analysis of Data
- Data Analysis
- Summary of findings, conclusion and Recommendation
Appendix a: Research Questionnaire
- Background to the Study
Local government has and will continue to be one the prime factor of development in different parts of the world and their importance and impact on daily activities of citizens cannot be over emphasized.
The term local government refers to a political authority set up by a nation or state as subordinate authority for the purpose of dispensing or decentralizing political power. In the English sense, it means local self government.
Local government is a political sub-division of a national government, or in federal system, a sub-division of regional government in fact, local government administration is so intentioned with rural development that any discussion on one out of necessity involved the others. This is because to bring development to the rural at the grass root.
Rural development is not a new ideology. It is defined as a process by which the efforts of the people themselves are linked with those of governmental authorities to improved the economic social and cultural conditions of rural, to integrate them into life of the action, and to enable them to contribute fully to the national progress. Also the role of local government in the promotion of development at the 1976 local government reforms which emphasized that none of the principle objectives of local government is to mobilize human and materials resources through the involvement of members of the public in the promotion of local government.
Many rural has build school, constructed roads and bridges, and organized higher education scholarship schemes for their children etc rural development as we recognized today is based on and has grown out of experience of the past. The concept of rural development is based on the faith. In the ability of people to learn how to help themselves attain an improved standard of living building better rural taking one step at a time.
Rural development has thus remained up the priority item of the programmes of the administration. In drawing up the blue print for rural development government at Enugu State aims primary at sensitizing and mobilizing the people at the grass roots level and deliberately and actively involving them in effective rural development, encouraging integrated and multi dimension approach to rural development for the government to achieve the grass roots development, it must get closer to the people.
Rural development groups and local government should work very closely, government should work very closely, because for instance, a service project such as maternity dispensary or school which is built without the full support of the relevant local government, has very lean changes of survival, since the running and main tenancy expenses of such service are usually too heavy to be borne invalided such rural.
|Local govt. Service commission|
|Chairman Chief Executive|
Organization of Yewa south Local Government
|Secretary/Director Of Personnel|
|Sup. For Agric|
|Sup. For health|
|Su. Works & Transdport|
|Sup. For Education Community|
|H.O.D education rural development|
The administration is consist of six (6) major department personnel; health; work; financial; agriculture; and education and development. The administration is made up to two sets of staff.
The Executive and the officers, at the apex of the organization, the chairman is the chief executive and the controller of both men and materials inclyewa southng finances.
Below him is the vice chairman who assists and co-ordinate the activities delegated to him from time to time. Below their levels are the four line supervisors charged of agric, health, education, rural development and works respectively. Both the chairman and the supervisors are the policy maker as far as the administration is concerned.
On the other hand, the local government service commission is the employer of all carrier officers 9civl servants) under this local government system. At the apex of the carrier officers is the secretary director of personnel who is in charged of the day to day administration. Below him is a deputy secretary who co-ordinate the activities of both senior and the junior staff inclyewa southng other functions in his schedule. The internal ayewa southtor occupies a central position midway between the carrier officers and the executive chairman.
He is the alarm clock of the administration especially when the envisages that anything goes wrong with the expenditure of government fund. He may raise an ayewa southt alarm. Below this levels are the line carrier staff known as heads of department. Each occupying specific department such as agric, 1-6 above. Each H.O.D maintains discipline within his area, check the attendant and roll call and distribute functions amongst the rank and file senior and junior staff under him.
Statutory / Committee:
In local government there are some operative statutory committee charged with specific functions:
a. The junior staff management committee with a chairman and secretary. This organ is charged with discipline, promotion, transfer and conversion of junior staff under grade level 01-06
b. F and a: This is an organ responsible for monetary approval and expenditure above to N500,000.00 to N1m.
The executive chairman acts as the chairman while the local government secretary acts as his secretary. Rural development is a department solely charged with co-ordination development activities in various rural between the administrations area of jurisdiction
However, the department cannot carryout or executes its functions departments or units within the administration for example, rural development as a department heeds funds which must be raised and released by the finance department from its internally generated revenue sources. In addition, for a community project to be implemented the survey and planning department must be carried out his own specific duties in town planning and market designs, so also road works and maintenance, building of markets, as well as agricultural development cannot succeed without the works department engineers and agric officers. Health is one of the major premise of rural development functions.
- Statements of Problems
Our understanding in this study is to investigate and appraise to what extent the local government administration as represented by Yewa south local government area of Enugu state , has been and to mobilize human ad material resources for development of its area of authority. In line with the of 1976 local government reforms.
The researcher will also in this course of this study to find answers to the following problems.
a. To what extents has the rural development objectives of the present local government system been realized in Yewa south local government area.
b. To what extent has the local government approach to rural development facilitated the realization of the reforms, inclyewa southng the present military government rural development objectives?
c. is there not a better alternative to the local government administrations current attitude to rural development?
The above questions are closely interlinked and will be my guide to conduct this appraisal work and suggest some possible solutions where necessary.
- Objectives Of The Study
- To find out if local government administration has any effort toward, rural development.
- To find out if yewa south local government has performance in promoting education in the rural development.
- To known if yewa south enough has enough revenue to enable it accomplish to its objective in rural development.
- TO known extent local government administration can promote agriculture in rural development
- And make necessary recommendations on how to improve local government activity in rural areas.
1.5 Research Questions
1. Do you think local government administration has any effort toward rural development?
2. Do yewa south government has any performance in promoting education in rural development?
3. Do yewa south has enough revenue in accomplishing its objectives in the rural development?
4. Do you think yewa south local government can promote agricultural in rural development?
- Significance Of The Study
The local state government will be able to apply the out come of the study in their functions. The people that will benefit from the study are the staff of Yewa south local government and the people ie villages of Yewa south local government. Thos system should be encouraged in other to achieve the goals and objective of the study especially in the area of rural development.
- Scope of the Study
This research work is aimed at studying of the efforts of local government administrations towards rural development in Enugu state
- Limitation of The Study
It is therefore, pertinent to point out that because of time, space or distance, and financial constraints, the study is limited only to Yewa south local government area. This scope is justified by the fact that it is practically impossible for the researcher to take into this study all efforts made towards rural development in the country. The difficulties that were over come during the process of this research work are:
Time constraints, the problem of time was not to the advantage of the researcher and thus did not allow for more comprehensive study of this piece
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