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FACTORS INFLUENCING KIDNAPPING IN SHENDAM LOCAL GOVERNMENT AREA OF PLATEAU STATE, NIGERIA.
Kidnapping has become a worrisome and recurrent decimal in Nigeria. Records show the severity of this criminal trend in different part of the country recently where different category of persons are abducted. This study thus examined factors influencing kidnapping in Shendam Local Government Area, Plateau State. The structural-choice model was adopted for this study. The study employed the cross-sectional quantitative survey design to identify factors influencing kidnapping via clustered random sampling technique of residents in Shendam. Questionnaires were used for data collection. Out of 400 administered questionnaires, 374 (93.5%) were retrieved for analyses and hypothesis testing. Data was coded with Statistical Package for the Social Sciences (SPSS) version 21 computer software and descriptive and non-parametric inferential statistical analyses were computed. Results revealed that 69.0% of the study sample opined that kidnapping is influenced by unemployment. Results also indicated that 62.6% noted that the pattern of abduction tended to rapt on travellers; as 78.1% opined abductors targeted wealthy and affluent victims. 37.4% indicated that kidnapping levels were high, as 74.6% said that abductors capture especially targets in remote towns. 64.4% alluded to employment and empowerment as solution to kidnapping. Hypothesis test result indicated X2 (2, 374) = 8.860, p = .012. Therefore, alternative hypothesis was accepted which states that kidnapping is significantly influenced by unemployment at alpha level of 0.05. The study recommended that kidnapping could be curbed by employing and empowering the teeming population of youths who are vulnerable to subscribe to criminality because of strain.
Keywords: Abduction; Kidnapping; Plateau State; Shendam