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FROM REFORMATION TO DEFORMATION: AN APPROACH TOWARDS SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT OF THE DEFECTIVE PRISON SYSTEM IN NIGERIA
Prison conditions in Nigeria have deteriorated over the years and ones a person is convicted by Nigeria Courts or justice system to serve a prison sentence, such person is perceived by the society to have been sent to hell on earth. The poor state of Nigeria prisons have attracted a lot of attention from all and sundry in recent times in other to advance the rights of prisoners in Nigeria and influence government policy so as to ameliorate the suffering of the prison inmates. In Nigerian prisons, many inmates sleep two to a bed or on the floor in filthy cells. Toilets are blocked and overflowing or simply non-existent, and there is no running water. Diseases are widespread and successive governments have also demonstrated less than satisfactory commitment to reforming the laws regulating Nigeria’s prisons. The current Prisons Act was enacted in November 1947 (65 years ago) and is yet to undergo any fundamental reform since then. A draft Prisons Bill presented to the federal parliament in 2004 is yet to become law. It is on this premise that this article will evaluate the conditions of prisons and the faith suffered by prisoners in Nigerian Prisons. Before the conclusion of this paper, it also examined the measures to be adopted for the sustainable development of the defective prison system in Nigeria.
Keywords: Nigeria, Prisoners, Prisons, Punishments, Reform, Sustainable Development